DR. Shoshiro Minobe
Professor, Laboratory of Physical Oceanography and Climatlogy
Department of Natural History Sciences,
Graduate School of Science,
Hokkaido University,
Sapporo 060-0810, Japan.
tel. +81-11-706-2644; fax +81-11-706-2644

Research Interests:

Analysis and diagnosis of observed climate variability in the coupled atmosphere-ocean-ice system.

Air-sea interaction, decadal climate variability, upper ocean dynamics, ENSO.

Theoretical and numerical studies for the physical oceanography.


1994 Ph.D. Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University.
Dissertation title: Annual variabilities caused by equatorial waves in the Pacific Ocean and accompanying responses of the atmosphere.

Professional Experience:

2005 -- Professor, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University.

1997 -- Associate Professor, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University.

1989 -- 1997 Assistant Professor, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University. 2004 Adjunct lecturer for Toyama Univ., Japan.

1998--2003 Adjunct researcher for Frontier Research System for Global Change, Japan/International Arctic Research Center, Fairbanks, USA.

2000--2001 Adjunct lecturer for Toyama Univ., Japan.

List of Refereed Publication

Red fonts denote students of our laboratory.

Minobe S., Kuwano-Yoshida A., Komori N., Xie S.-P., and R. J. Small, 2008: Influence of the Gulf Stream on the troposphere, Nature, 452, 206-209, doi:10.1038/nature06690. (adopted for the cover figure)

Sasaki Y. N., Y. Katagiri, S. Minobe, I. G. Rigor, 2007: Autumn atmospheric preconditioning for interannual variability of wintertime sea-ice in the Okhotsk Sea. J. Oceanogr, 63, 255-265.

Baba K., S. Minobe, N. Kimura, M. Wakatsuchi: Intraseasonal variability of sea-ice concentration in the Antarctic with particular emphasis on wind effect. J. Geophys. Res. (Ocean), J. Geophys. Res., 111, C12023, doi:10.1029/2005JC003052.

Nakanowatari, T. and S. Minobe, 2005: Moisture balance for bidecadal variability of wintertime precipitation in the North Pacific Using NCEP/NCAR reanalysis. J. Meterol. Soc. Japan, 83 (4), 453-469.

Motoi T., W.-L. Chan, S. Minobe, H. Sumata 2005: North Pacific halocline and cold climate induced by Panamanian Gateway closure in a coupled ocean-atmosphere GCM, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L10618, doi:10.1029/2005GL022844.

Sasaki Y. N., S. Minobe, 2005: Seasonally dependent interannual variability of sea ice in the Bering Sea and its relation to atmospheric fluctuations, J. Geophys. Res. (Ocean), 110, C05011, doi:10.1029/2004JC002486. PDF

Minobe, S., and A. Maeda, 2005: A 1o SST dataset compiled from ICOADS from 1850 to 2002 and Northern Hemisphere frontal variability. International Journal of Climatology. 25, 881-894. black & white PDF, non-typesetted but color PDF

Minobe, S. Year-to-year variability in Hadley and Walker circulations from NCEP-NCAR reanalysis data. In gHadley Circulation: Present, Past and Futureh (Eds R. S. Bradley and H. F. Dias) final version PDF

Minobe S., and M. Nakamura 2004: Interannual to decadal variability in the southern Okhotsk Sea based on a new gridded upper water temperature dataset. J. Geophys. Res. (Ocean), 109, C09S05, doi:10.1029/2003JC001916. PDF

Minobe S., and F.-F. Jin, 2004: Generation of interannual and interdecadal climate oscillations through nonlinear subharmonic resonance in delayed oscillators, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L16206, 10.1029/2004GL019776. PDF

Minobe S., Sako, A. and M. Nakamura 2004: Interannual to interdecadal variability in the Japan Sea based on a new gridded upper water temperature dataset. in press J. Phys. Oceanogr.,34 (11), 2382-2397. PDF

Minobe S., 2002: Interannual to interdecadal changes of water temperature, sea-level displacement, and sea-ice distribution in the Bering Sea and associated atmospheric circulation changes Prog. Oceanogr. 55, 45-64. PDF (adopted in CLIVAR Pacific Panel poster)

Minobe S. and Nakanowatari T. 2002: Global structure of bidecadal precipitation variability in boreal winter. Geophys. Res. Lett. 29 (10), 10.1029/2001GL014447, (22 May 2002) PDF

Minobe, S., T. Manabe and A. Shouji, 2002: Maximal Wavelet filter and its application to bidecadal oscillation over the Northern Hemisphere through the 20th Century. J. Climate.15 (9) 1064-1075. Abstract, PDF Also key animation is available from here.

Minobe, S., Y. Kanamoto, N. Okada, H. Ozawa and M. Ikeda, 2000: Plume structures in deep convection of rotating fluid. (whole paper including animations is available via internet) Nagare Multimedia 2000.

Minobe, S. 2000: Spatio-Temporal Structure of the Pentadecadal Variability over the North Pacific. Progress in Oceanography., 47, 381-408.@(adopted for the cover figure of special issue for North Pacific Climate Regime Shifts) PDF

Hare, S. R. S. Minobe, W. S. Wooster, and S. McKinnell, 2000: An introduction to the PICES symposium on the nature and impacts of North Pacific climate regime shifts. Progress in Oceanography., 47, 99-102.

Nishino, S., and S. Minobe, 2000: Thermohaline- and wind-driven circulation in an extended model of potential vorticity homogenization, Journal of Physical Oceanography, 30, 2391-2403. Abstract, Full paper [HTML PDF] (AMS online account is required for full paper),

Minobe, S., and N. Mantua, 1999: Interdecadal modulation of interannual atmospheric and oceanic variability over the North Pacific, Progress in Oceanography, 43, 163-192. PDF

Minobe, S., 1999: Resonance in bidecadal and pentadecadal climate oscillations over the North Pacific: Role in climatic regime shifts, Geophysical Research Letters, 26, 855-858. PDF

Yasuda, I., H. Sugusaki, Y. Watanabe, S. Minobe, and Y. Oozeki, 1999: Interdecadal variations in Japanese sardine and ocean/climate. Fisheries Oceanography, 8, 18-24.

Minobe, S., 1997: A 50-70 year climatic oscillation over the North Pacific and North America. Geophysical Research Letters, 24, 683-686. PDF

Minobe, S., 1996: Detection of an annual westward propagating signal in the meridional wind component along 8N in the Pacific, Journal of Climate,9, 1661-1668. PDF

Minobe, S., and K. Takeuchi, 1995: Annual period equatorial waves in the Pacific Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100, 18,379-18,392.

Professional Memberships and Activities

Science Plan Writing Team Member, PICES program, FUTURE (2007-2008)

Associate Editor, Journal of Climate (2006-present)

Editor, Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan (2002-2006)

Guest Editor, Journal of Oceanography (2001)

Guest editor, Progress in Oceanography (1999-2000)

Associate Editor, Journal of Oceanography (1996--1999)

Working group member for data analysis of historical marine observations (1999-2003)

Committee member, Indo-Pacific Climate Variability, (1997-1998).

Americal Meteorological Society (since 1999)

Americal Geophysical Union (since 1998)

Meteorological Society of Japan

Japan Oceanographic Society


"Marquis Who's Who in the Word, 2007 edition"

"Studies for decadal climate variability over the North Pacific": Horiuchi award, the Meteorological Society of Japan, Oct. 2006.

''A 50-70 year climatic oscillation over the North Pacific and North America.": Best paper award, North Pacific Marine Science Organization, Oct., 1996, Canada. .


Clara Deser (USA), Paul Kushner (Canada), Klaus Dethloff (Germany), Shoshiro Minobe, Interannual and Interdecadal Climate Variability and Predictability, Inter-association symposium, IAMAS-IAPSO Joint Assembly, Montreal, Canada, 2009.

E. A. Logerwell (U.S.A.), D. L. Mackas (Canada), S. Minobe (Japan) and W. J. Sydeman (U.S.A.): Phenology and climate change in the North Pacific: Implications of variability in the timing of zooplankton production to fish, seabirds, marine mammals and fisheries (humans), 2 Nov. 2007.

Watanuki, Y., S. Minobe, R. Ream (USA) and W. J. Sydeman (U.S.A.): Responses of Marine Mammals and Seabirds to Large-scale and Long-term Climate Change: Mechanisms of Environmental Forcing, 12 Oct. 2006

Minobe, S., Richard Wood, David, S. Battisti, "The decadal to centennial variability of the ocean and atmosphere. (JSP01)" , 2003, 30 June-2 July, Sapporo, Japan.

Minobe, S. and S.-P. Xie, "Interdecadal/interannual variability in the Pacific Ocean". American Geophysical Union/Western Pacific Geophysical Meeting (WPGM), 2000, 28-29, June, Tokyo.

Hare S., S. Minobe, and W. Wooster, "The nature and impacts of North Pacific climate regime shifts (Science board symposium), North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES) 8th Annual meeting, Vladivostok, Russia, 14, October 1999.

Minobe, S. and S. Griffies, " Ocean/Atmosphere Variability and Predictability, Decadal-Centennial Variability", International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG) 1999, Interassociation symposium, JSP-25c, Birmingham, England, 26-30, July, 1999.

Invited Talks

symposium names, (organization), place, year

PICES/GLOBEC Workshop, Honolulu, USA, April, 2006. (presented by J. Overland)

CLIVAR 2004, Baltimore, USA, June 2004. (presented by N. Schneider)

PICES/CLIVAR Workshop, Honolulu, USA, October 2004.

Arctic environment change (IUGG 2003, IAPSO, IAMAS, IAHS), 09 July, 2003, Sapporo, Japan.

North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES) 11th Annual meeting, 18 Oct 2002, Qingdao, China.Conference on "The Hadley Circulation: Present, Past and Future". HawaiiCUSA, 12 Nov. 2002D

Symposium for gRecent Progress in Physical Oceanography in Japan", Oceanographic Soc. 4 Oct 2002 Sapporo, Japan

Workshop "Camp-GLOBEC", USA, 2002.

Interdecadal/interannual variability in the Pacific Ocean, American Geophysical Union (AGU)/Western Pacific Geophysical Meeting (WPGM), Tokyo, 2000.

"The nature and impacts of North Pacific climate regime shifts", North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES) 8th Annual meeting, Vladivostok, Russia, 1999.

The workshop on "The development of the next-generation climate models". Tokyo, 1999.

"TRIANGLE '98", Tokyo, Japan, September 1998.

Hawaiian Winter Workshop on "Biotic Impacts of Extratropical Climate change in the Pacific, Honolulu, United States, 1998.

"Decadal and interdecadal variations in the Pacific", IAPSO and IAMAS joint symposium 3, Melborune, Australia, 1997.

"Methods and findings of retrospective analyses", Science board symposium, PICES (North Pacific Marine Science Organization) 5th Annual meeting, Nanaimo, Canada, 1996.